About this Special Issue

In this issue, we share key resources from the AIDS 2016 conference held in Durban South Africa. These resources cover two key areas: PREP and the 90-90-90 strategy. It is our hope that these resources will be beneficial to you whether in research work, disseminating information or for personal knowledge.

Prevention

  1. Australia plans an ambitious programme of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) provision for gay men at high risk of HIV, with the aim of ‘virtually eliminating’ HIV in the gay community by 2020. Iryna Zablotska of the University of New South Wales told the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) that in order to meet the needs of an estimated 14,000 users, the PrEP roll-out would initially at least be in the form of scientific implementation studies conducted by at least three of the individual Australian states. This would enable state governments to subsidise the drug costs... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/Australia-adopts-ambitious-plan-to-use-PrEP-to-virtually-eliminate-HIV-by-2020/page/3073611/

  2. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV at population level was just over 4% at 18 months follow-up in South Africa, Ameena Goga, presenting on behalf of the South African prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) Evaluation Group, told participants at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban on Tuesday... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/South-Africa-has-driven-mother-to-child-HIV-transmission-down-to-4/page/3073056/

  3. Offering Truvada pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to the HIV-negative partner in a serodiscordant couple during the first six months after the HIV-positive partner starts antiretroviral therapy (ART) can serve as a 'bridge' to provide further protection against HIV infection, researchers reported yesterday at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/PrEP-can-further-reduce-the-risk-of-HIV-infection-after-a-partner-starts-treatment/page/3073108/

  4. Speaking to a meeting on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) yesterday, ahead of the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016), Chris Beyrer, president of the International AIDS Society, reminded delegates that the last time the conference was held in Durban, South Africa, in the year 2000, the event was notable for drawing attention to the enormous gap in access to HIV treatment... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/PrEP-researchers-now-focusing-on-the-best-ways-to-get-PrEP-to-people-who-need-it/page/3071679/

  5. Up to July 2016, 1077 people, 96.4% of them gay men, have started HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) through the public healthcare system in France, Jean-Michel Molina, principal investigator of the Ipergay trial, told delegates at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016). Ninety clinics now offer PrEP assessment and prescription and 273 doctors have been accredited as PrEP physicians... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/PrEP-rollout-recipients-in-France-top-1000-full-trial-results-report-97-effectiveness/page/3075552/

Treatment

  1. A new strategy to end paediatric AIDS launched at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa, on Tuesday calls for antiretroviral treatment services to reach 1.6 million children and 1.2 million adolescents by 2018. The Super-Fast Track strategy is intended to close the gap between adult and paediatric treatment access, says UNAIDS, and will pull together the actions of numerous agencies... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/New-strategy-aims-to-end-AIDS-in-children-by-2020/page/3072415/

  2. A large study that embeds 'test and treat' for HIV within a larger multi-disease prevention campaign in rural Kenya and Uganda has achieved 82% viral suppression after two years, and already exceeded UNAIDS targets for viral suppression after one year of activity, investigators from the SEARCH study reported today at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/SEARCH-study-exceeds-90-90-90-targets-after-2-years-of-test-and-treat-for-HIV-in-rural-East-Africa/page/3073046/

  3. The 90-90-90 targets for testing, treatment and viral suppression are achievable by 2020 in many high-burden countries, but donor retreat is now the biggest threat to widespread success, delegates at the UN 90-90-90 Target Workshop ahead of the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016)in Durban agreed yesterday... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/Progress-towards-90-90-90-targets-is-promising-but-funding-is-the-critical-step-says-UNAIDS-leader/page/3071870/

  4. Studies of treatment cascade performance in South Africa and Namibia show large variations between districts and highlight the need for up-to-date information on performance to guide programming, advocacy and funding, according to presentations at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa, on Tuesday... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/Progress-towards-90-90-90-targets-in-southern-Africa-find-the-men/page/3072490/

  5. A group of young South African women who were diagnosed in very early infection and immediately given antiretroviral therapy (ART) preserved their CD4 counts and the function of cells that HIV normally disrupts. And the majority of them never seroconverted, staying HIV negative despite having evidence of low levels of HIV infection in cells... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/Young-women-treated-in-very-early-HIV-infection-stay-HIV-negative-and-preserve-immune-function/page/3071827/

  6. Treatment programmes in sub-Saharan Africa must prepare for a growing population of adolescents over the next few years as children born with HIV grow up and begin a transition from child health services to adult clinics, Dr Mhairi Maskew of University of Witwatersrand told participants at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban on Tuesday... Read More

    Source: http://www.aidsmap.com/HIV-treatment-programmes-need-to-prepare-for-the-youth-bulge-South-African-experience-shows/page/3072247/